Author Guidelines

Script Format

Manuscript is typed on A4 paper, around 5000-7000 words in Arial 12 pt and space 1.15.

The writing system for research outcome consists of:

  1. Systematic articles of research results are (1) Title, (2) Author’s name (Affiliate address, email address), (3) Abstract (accompanied by keywords), (4) Introduction, (5) Methods, (6) Result and discussion, (7) Conclusion, (8) References.
  2. Table and figures must have tittles and have clear number and sources, and be typed in single space.
  3. The list of references only contains referred sources, and all referred sources must be mentioned on the list. Reference sources consist of, at the least, 80% literature published in the last ten years.
  4. The reference list is arranged in a manner that refers to APA style. Bibliography is written in alphabetical order by the name of the author, writer or in accordance with the thesis writing guidelines or thesis used.
  5. Check each referred article for accuracy and make sure every quoted work in the article is written in references. Works that are not cited but mentioned in references will be omitted by the editor.

Article Tittle - The tittle should maximum 12 words, Arial 14 pt, bold, and centered. It should be clear, concise, and informative.

Abstract with Keywords - The length of abstract is around 200-250 words. The abstract at the least, must contain the aim, methods, and result on the projects. Meanwhile keywords are consisted of four words.

Introduction - The introduction contains the problem background explaining why the problem is considered interesting, important, and needs to be researched/ assessed. Describe the state of the issue that raises the research question. A problem statement is a research question based on the problem to which the answer will be sought through research—formulated in question sentences, in a concise, clear, and firm manner. The research objective is an operational statement about what will be achieved in the study formulated in a statement/verb sentence. The introduction should contain no more than 20% of the manuscript length. The last paragraph contains a purpose statement and provides the study's state of the art and novelty shown by the most updated references.

Literature Review - The terms used in this section or chapters vary, among others: theoretical study, literature review, the basic framework of the theory, and adapted to guidelines. This section contains theories or the results of previous studies/research used as a basis for this research. The main criterion for theories used as a foundation is the relevance to the topics/concepts/variables studied. Hypotheses are explained in the literature review section. This section is typed in Arial 12pt, justify, and space 1.15. This section presented with a length of 10-15% of the article's total length.

Methods - The research method is carried out with the subject matter (1) Research Design, (2) Research Objectives (Population and sample), (3) Data Collection Techniques and instrument development, and (4) Data Analysis Techniques. Meanwhile, tables and figures are presented center, as shown below and cited in the manuscript. This section is typed in Arial 12pt, justify, and space 1.15. This section presented with a length of 10-15% of the article's total length.

Result and discussion - The results of the research presented are the findings of the research conducted. Illustration of research results can use graphs, tables, or images. The results presented are meaningful, and relevant findings contain systematic data presentation relevant to the problem statement. In addition, this part also contains reflection/discussion according to the research findings. In presenting the discussion, use a comprehensive explanation to elaborate the whole data found during the research. By doing so, you can fill the gap of knowledge. Findings that rely on meaning construct tend to present a theoretical framework, so there will be an unnecessary repetition as explained in the research methodology. Arial 12pt, justify and space 1.15. This section is shown with a length of 50-70% of the article's total length.

Conclusion - The conclusion is the author's affirmation of the research results and discussion or answers to the proposed hypothesis (title). Conclusions must answer the research objectives. Avoid speculation in concluding. Conclusions must be based on facts found in the research results. Arial 12pt, justify and space 1.15. This section presented with a length of 10-15% of the article's total length.

References – Reference in the bibliography must be in the body of the writing. The latest reference is sought, consisting of scientific journals amounting to 80% of the entire bibliography that has been published in the last 10 years. All references should be written down in reference using American Psychological Association (APA) style. The bibliography is written alphabetically by the author's name, writer, or following the thesis writing guidelines or thesis used. Writing a bibliography is grouped by source of reference, which is sourced from books, journals, articles, legislation, etc. It is recommended to use a reference application (reference manager) such as Mendeley.



Connoly, P. (2007). Quantitative Data Analysis in Education A Critical Introduction Using SPSS. USA and Canada: Routledge

Book chapter

Gelfand, M. J. & Cai, D. A. (2004). Cultural structuring of the social context of negotiation. In M. J.Gelfand & J.M.Brett (Eds.), The handbook of negotiation and culture (pp.238-257) California: Stanford Business Books.

Journal Article

Flanagin, A. J., dan Metzeger, M. J. (2008). Digital Media and Youth: Unparalleled Opportunity and Unprecedented Responsibility. 5-28

Journal article with DOI

Spreer, P., Rauschnabel, P.A. (2016). Selling with technology: Understanding the resistance to mobile sales assistant use in retailing. Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 36 (3), 240-263. doi:10.1080/0885134.2016.1208100

Jurnal article on website

Hsing, Y., Baraya, A., & Budden, M. (2005). Away with SWOT Analysis: Use Defensive/Offensive Evaluation Instead. Journal of applied Business Research, 21(2), 105-112. Retrieved from hhtp://

Newspapers article

Howe, J (2007, November 16). Manawatu worth $8. 1b. Manawatu Standard, p.1.

Newspapers article on website

Riza, F. (2014, April 6). KPID Kalimantan Barat siapkan roadmap informasi perbatasan. Retrieved from


ASEAN. (2018). Top 10 e-commerce sites in Indonesia in 2018, by monthly traffic (in million clicks). Retrieved from 

Website document

Young, B. (2013). Emmanuel Levinas and “the face of the Other”. Retrieved form

Book Translation

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1992). Analisis data kualitatif buku sumber tentang metode-metode baru. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia Press.